Taj Mahal is surrounded by lush Persian Gardens. Mughal structures usually contains gardens. The style of garden found inside Taj Mahal complex is Persian Timurid. Babur brought the concept of paradise garden. According to Islamic belief, a paradise will have four rivers and a lush garden.
History about the Taj Mahal Garden ?
Shah Jahan was a Mughal Emperor who was very attached to one of his wives, Mumtaz Mahal. She was also his mother’s brother’s daughter. On her deathbed, she asked for a magnificent mausoleum for her. After her death, Shah Jahan commenced the construction of the monument and the garden around it.
According to Babar, paradise has four rivers and a garden. Shah Jahan took River Yamuna as one of the river and built the garden. Everything in the garden is in multiples of four. Initially, the garden contained fruit trees, roses and daffodils. The garden came into the control of British during 19th century. They transformed the garden into London style lawns. The garden was built at the same time as that of the monument. The fountain in the garden was built during British rule.
Taj Mahal is beautiful just not because of its pure white marble structure but also for the splendid green lawns within which it is located. The gardens of Taj Mahal are not just any other garden but a meadow well planned and well maintained.
The Taj Mahal garden is a green carpet to the mausoleum as it begins at the main gateway and ends at the base of the monument. It is a four by four garden and is popularly known as Charbagh. The Taj Mahal garden is a Persian form. It is believed that the Charbagh is the garden of paradise as mentioned in holy Quran. This type of paradisiacal garden was first constructed by the first Mughal emperor, Babur and gradually passed on to the generations. The lush green garden of Taj Mahal is a nest to hundreds of birds, while the blossoms are bright and colourful, spreading a sweet fragrance in the air; a true painting of paradise.
Taj Mahal is 580 metres by 380 metres and the garden covers 300 metres of the same, hence showcasing the importance of the garden that it has in the complete landscape of Taj Mahal. The Taj Mahal garden gets ample supply of water from the River Yamuna, on the banks of which Taj Mahal is located. There are couple of major marble canals located at the garden along with fountains which flow constantly with joy. In each quarter of the four by four garden of Taj Mahal there are 16 flower beds. These flower beds are built over a raised platform and are believed to have been planted with 400 plants. It is worth noticing that every aspect of the garden is a multiple of four. It is believed in Islam that four is a lucky number and hence Shah Jahan has kept the complete garden in sync with the number.
The trees of Taj Mahal garden are also symbolic. While the lines of Cyprus trees resemble death, the fruit bearing trees depict life and joy. All the trees are planted in symmetrical format, to enhance the harmony of the entire monument. The waterway lays just in between the garden multiples the beauty of Taj Mahal, besides acting as an instrument of water supply. There are four walkways in the four parts of the garden; every walkway can be distinguished with the special features that these have.Another amazing fact of these walkways is that the mausoleum can be clearly viewed from all parts of the garden.
Why Taj Mahal Garden is so famous ?
Taj complex covers 580x300m area and the garden covers 300x300m. The garden is divided into four parts and each part had four flowerbeds. Each flowerbed has 400 plants. The most significant trees that can be found in the garden is Cyprus, which is the symbol of death. You can also find a few fruit bearing trees inside the garden. There are two canals made with marbles and a fountain in the center.There are four pathways and a raised lotus tank made with marble. Spotting the reflection of the monument in the tank is an important activity here. The trees here are labeled with their common name and scientific name. Most of the Mughal gardens have a tomb in the center but Taj Mahal is located in a corner of the garden.
There are raised marble platforms in the garden that are used as benches. These benches are called as Diana benches. Garden is the best place to capture the beauty of the Taj Mahal, as a whole.
Best time to visit Taj Mahal Garden
The Taj Complex is open from sunrise to sunset. You can also enjoy the garden in moonlight during night tours. If you are visiting during winter, you can enjoy the lush vegetation in the garden. During rainy season, the garden will be at prime beauty but sightseeing will not be as easy as during winter.
The complex is closed during Fridays. For moonlight garden, the monument is open from 8:30 pm to 12:30 am. The tickets are limited and have to be purchased 24 hours in prior. The moonlight trip is allowed only for five days in a month; full moon night, two nights before and after the full moon nights. Only 400 tickets for night visit is provided per day.
Where Taj Mahal Garden is located ?
This garden is found inside the Taj Mahal complex in Agra. This garden is located in Dharmapuri region, Agra, Uttar Pradesh. It is located very close to Agra railway station.
Entry Fees of Taj Mahal Garden
There is no separate entry ticket for visiting the garden. To enjoy into the complex during daytime