Jaigarh fort is a large structure built on the Hill of Eagles region of Aravalli range. It overlooks the Amber fort and the lake near it. It was built to protect the Amber fort. It is also called as Victory Fort.
History about the Jaigarh Fort
The fort was built as a fortified wall or a protection cover for Amber fort. Prior to this, during the period of Shah Jahan, the region of Jaigarh fort was a cannon foundry. This was an ideal place for cannon foundry because of the presence of iron ore. In 17th century, when a war broke among Mughal successors, Aurangzeb defeated and killed his brother and captured this region. He appointed Jai Singh II as the king of this region. He modified this cannon foundry into a fortified region.
Jaigarh Fort is famous for ?
The fort has large cannon that was built in the fort. In the past, it was the largest cannon on wheels. The fort walls are made with red sandstones. There is a beautiful square garden inside the complex. The complex has many courtrooms, halls, towers and gardens.
- This is the place to get a full view of Sagar Lake.
- there are numerous arch gateways in the fort. They are painted red and yellow and have Indo-Persian styled carvings.
- there are two temples inside the fort. Ram Harihar temple was built in 10th century and KalBhairav temple was built in 12th century.
- a huge water tank can hold 6 million gallon of water. It is said that the hidden treasure of the last king is stored in the tank. It is not open to public.
Tourists should enter the building through an imperial gateway, which opens to a large courtyard. There are two buildings on three sides of the courtyard and the Jaigarh Fort stands on the east side. There is a small museum in the courtyard. The museum has a small collection of weapons, articles and antiques that were used in the past by the royal family. Each window has a chamber behind it where people stand or sit and watch the streets. There is a fountain in front of each chamber. The top two floors are maintained by the archaeological department and can be accessed through ramps.
1. Laxmi vilas
This structure contains the drawing room and an emergency hall. This is the hall where army gathered during emergency. You can find huge war drums that were used to signal army. The complex behind the hall is the drawing room of the palace. You can find wall painting here.
2. Lalit Mandir
This is the summer place of the king. It is a two level building and only the ground floor is open to public. There is a small theatre where royal entertainment were held in the past. Puppet shows take place here and you can also buy a few puppets as souvenirs
3. Vilas Mandir
This is a woman area, whichis reserved for the royal women. You can find lattice window here. The area is chilled with winds through the window and one can see the Amber Fort from the window.
4. Aaram Bagh
This is a garden inside the fort, which has low walls and arch gateways. Royal families used to stroll in the garden in the past.
The armory chamber is now a museum, which displays a lot of weapons and shields. You can find collection of guns, muskets, cannon balls, ancient pictures, swords and others. There are a few unfinished cannon and cannon balls too. Photography is not allowed here. The foundry here used to suck mountain air to increase the temperature of the furnace, in the past.
There is a small museum near Awami gate. This museum contains many artifacts, spittoons, drawn plan for the palace, stamps, photographs and other attractions.
7. Jaivana Cannon
Jaigarh fort contains very large cannon, which was built in 18th century. The cannon was never used in any war. It is one of the features of the fort today. The barrel is carved with designs and is mounted on a wheel. It is said that when fired, it would scale up to 35 km.
Jaigarh Fort is Located
The fort is located on a peak of Aravalli hills. It is about 400 m away from Amber fort. You can get a panoramic view of the Amber fort from this fort. The fort is 10 km away from the main city of Jaipur. The fort is accessed through the Dungar Darwaza Gate, which is a little away from the Jaipur Delhi highway. People can also climb to the fort from the Amber fort.
Best Time to Visit in Jaigarh Fort
The fort is open from 9 am to 5 pm. One of the best part of the fort is the panoramic view from the top that covers the valley, Amber fort and others. Thus, it is better to avoid rainy season so that you can get a good view. The fort covers a very large area and a lot of walking has to be done. Thus, summer is also not suitable. Winter is the most preferred season for visiting the fort. Winter starts in October and ends in March.
Indian : INR 35 per head.
Foreigner : INR 85 per head.
Camera charges : INR 50 (Officials are very strict about camera charges)
Guides are not provided in the fort. If you are not travelling with a guide, stick to main areas. The whole fort is confusing labyrinth and you can easily get lost. If travelling with children, keep an eye on them. Some of the steps are loose and it can make you lose your balance.